James Sevier Conway
James Sevier Conway
|2nd and 8th Postmaster of Walnut Hill, Arkansas|
July 3, 1845 – August 9, 1846
|Nominated by||James K. Polk|
|Preceded by||Fleetwood Herndon|
|Succeeded by||Francis E. Goodwin|
November 15, 1854 – December 19, 1854
|Nominated by||Franklin Pierce|
|Preceded by||A. C. J. Phillips|
|Succeeded by||Ann I. Sevier|
|6th Postmaster of Conway, Arkansas|
February 18, 1843 – July 2, 1845
|Nominated by||John Tyler|
|Preceded by||Gideon Ruyle|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|1st Governor of Arkansas|
September 13, 1836 – November 4, 1840
|Preceded by||William S. Fulton (as Governor of Arkansas Territory)|
|Succeeded by||Archibald Yell|
|1st Postmaster of Conway, Arkansas Territory|
May 24, 1828 – November 7, 1832
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Quigg|
|Born||December 4, 1796|
Greene County, Tennessee
|Died||March 3, 1855 (aged 58)|
Lafayette County, Arkansas
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Resting place||Conway Cemetery State Park|
Mary Jane Bradley
|Parents||Thomas & Ann Conway|
James Sevier Conway (December 9, 1796 – March 3, 1855) was an American politician who served as the first governor of Arkansas from 1836 to 1840.
James Sevier Conway was born on December 4, 1796, in Greene County, Tennessee, to Thomas and Ann (née Rector) Conway. Conway's father was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in 1771. His paternal ancestors originated in Conwy, Wales. Thomas employed private tutors to teach his seven sons and three daughters. In 1818, the family moved to St. Louis, where Conway learned the art of land surveying from his uncle William Rector, surveyor-general in Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas. In 1820, Conway resigned a Cole County, Missouri, circuit clerk's position to serve as deputy-surveyor in the newly-established Arkansas Territory, where he purchased a tract of land in Hempstead (present-day Lafayette) County. While living there, Conway met Mary Jane Bradley, who had migrated with her family from Wilson County, Tennessee. They were married December 21, 1825, and had ten children, five of whom died in infancy or early childhood.
In 1832, Conway became the surveyor-general in Arkansas Territory and served in that position until 1836. He was the elected to the new office of governor when Arkansas became a state in 1836. His administration focused on developing schools and roads. He ordered the militia to patrol the western frontier and worked to have the federal arsenal built at Little Rock. He worked to get funding for a state penitentiary. He pressed the General Assembly for establishment of a state library and university but was unsuccessful. Conway left office in 1840 and returned to Laffayette County where he served three nonconsecutive terms as postmaster.
Death and legacy
Conway died from the complications of pneumonia on March 3, 1855. His remains were interred in the Conway Cemetery (present-day Conway Cemetery State Park), near Bradley, Arkansas. He helped establish Lafayette Academy in Greene County, Tennessee. Present-day Conway, Arkansas, is named after him.
- Williams, C. Fred (16 February 2018). "James Sevier Conway (1796–1855)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. CALS. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
- Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Western Arkansas. Illustrated. Chicago and Nashville: The Southern Publishing Company. 1891. pp. 108–109. LCCN rc01001245. OCLC 1041626718. OL 23338025M – via Internet Archive.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Paxton, John A., ed. (1821). The St. Louis Directory and Register. St. Louis. p. . OCLC 1085319514. OL 24166744M – via Internet Archive.
- Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832-1971. NARA Microfilm Publication, M841, 145 rolls. Records of the Post Office Department, Record Group Number 28. Washington, D.C.: National Archives.
- "Profile for Conway, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Reynolds, John Hugh, ed. (1911). Publications of the Arkansas Historical Association. Vol. 3. Fayetteville, Arkansas: Arkansas Historical Association. p. 320. LCCN 07003169. OCLC 1051756648. OL 25490512M – via Internet Archive.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Sevier Conway.|
- General information
- James Sevier Conway at Find a Grave
- James Sevier Conway at National Governors Association
- James Sevier Conway at The Political Graveyard
- Works by or about James Sevier Conway in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
|Party political offices|
|First|| Democratic nominee for Governor of Arkansas
William S. Fulton
as Governor of Arkansas Territory
| Governor of Arkansas
1836 – 1840